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The Corona Carbon Crash

What is the Carbon Crash?

During the pandemic, global emissions fell from 2019 rates. Carbon corona is the emission level during the pandemic. The drop in emissions caused the stock market to crash. The crisis of the corona carbon crisis situation is low carbon in the air can negatively affect the climate. Just 50 percent less carbon in the air will lower the temperature on the planet by 6 degrees. When carbon emissions are increased, the temperature on the planet increases, experts say. On the positive side, we are on a short path to zero emissions. Last year, people were using less gas, oil, and petroleum. The crisis is when we no longer have control over our climate. The lowering of carbon emissions means fewer planes and boats travel to different countries with food and other goods. The prices and the supplies are effected by lower carbon emissions. The price of seafood in places like China and in the United States, Maine has experienced a price plummet for their freshly caught seafood .

Zero Emissions

Zero Emissions means engine from planes, boats, cars, etc, not emitting waste products that contribute to air pollution. Pollution contributes to lung ailments and more. Zero emissions can be converted into sable electricity. Emissions and air pollution would make the climate hotter for several decades before the temperature cools down. The pandemic made people more aware of the need to cut carbon emissions. Because of the pandemic, people were not driving or taking public transportation as much. With fewer people leaving home except for medical and shopping needs. More people were working from home instead of traveling to work. Finally, shopping online increased during the pandemic. With less people traveling by vehicles, less emissions went into the atmosphere, and the carbon emissions in the air went down in 2020. Satellites with photos confirmed that air pollution was clearing up on the planet. On the negative side, the demand in wood, coal, oil, and has gone down making it hard for the industries who products and sell. It makes making a living tough for the wood, oil, coal, and oil industries.

As Pandemic Rises, the Carbon Levels Fall

In the past year during the spread of COVID-19, scientists noted the drop of carbon monoxide from cars dropped 50 percent, Emissions from vehicles dropped 35 percent. CO2 emissions into the air have dropped at a sharp rate. The warning signs that after the pandemic, the carbon emissions levels could begin to rise again. Researchers are surprised many different kinds of gasses could be reduced during a pandemic. Emissions from reached their peak by May 2020. CO2 levels are the worst they have been in 20 years. In China, energy use has dropped by 25 percent causing emissions to drop by 1 percent a year ago. Nitrogen dioxide emissions in China and northern Italy have gone down at a significant rate. Aviation stalling has put aeronautics workers out of work and contributing to the decrease in emissions. On the homefront, many people were working from home and using more electricity. The pandemic had more effect on CO2 than any war, recession, depressions, etc, to name such an impact on emissions. The carbon output we are living through, is now an unrivaled in the amount of drop off of the normal and average percentage of output. Despite the major drop in CO2, the global climate won’t stabilize until the net-zero level is reached. Experts say a plan of action is needed to tackle the climate change problem. The Chief of the United Nations believes people needs to be prepared for emergencies. Blue skies are not always the sign of good times. The blue skies caused Greenland to go into the red. Cloud-free days have been increased in Greenland, lowering the amount of rainfall and snowfall. The pandemic has effected the change in the climate in more than 30 countries.

How the Corona Virus Effected Climate Change

Emissions and Climate change are not a new thing. Scientists have been researching new ways to work with climate change. Last year, the environment ministers from 30 different countries attended the Petersburg Climate Dialogue. Germany and the United Kingdom hosted the dialogue meeting. The ministers focused their discussion on green economic recovery strategies. The climate dialogue means the world is planning to combine forces and ingenuity to resolve the emissions problem. United Nations Secretary General Anthony Guterres warned that the climate change won’t be solved by the pandemic virus going away; more severe plans need to be put into effect. The charity known as CARE is appalled that wealthy countries that subsidized developing nations cut back the funding in 2018. The European Union will be issuing a green stimulus to citizen who really need the finances. A representative from CARE believes all governments need to make good on their stimulus checks or it will drive down the economic situation of the entire planet.

Emissions and Climate Change History

The saying goes if people don’t remember history, they are doomed to repeat it. History has taught people many things about how carbon levels effect the climate. In the later part of 2000s when the global financial crash was over, the carbon emissions increased by 5 percent. Vehicles and air pollution seemed to go together ever since invention of the horseless carriage in the early 1900s. A California researcher linked air pollution with the automobile in the early part of the 1950’s. What many people don’t realize is the relationship between air pollution and the effect on the climate. Carbon dioxide has warmed the planet for the recent 800,000 years existence. Many people believe in global warming on high CO2 emissions that have caused very cold areas to get much warmer. Animals in very cold climates are seeing their environment become too warm for them. Sea levels are increasing, floods, fires, and drought are more common than in history because of the increase in CO2 emissions.

Corona Virus and the Effect it Has on Work in the Marketplace

People Losing Jobs in England During the Pandemic

Statistics show that 66 percent of people to lose their jobs in England were under 25. In total, more than 810,000 people found themselves during the pandemic by April 2020. Statics showed that 33 percent of those unemployed workers suffer from stress and were unable to deal with it. By January 2021, the unemployment rate in London hit 6.9 percent. Unemployment for the whole country is about 4.8 percent. Just like the United States put a stimulus check program into effect, England had an income support honor program put into place in the fall of 2020. In England, the wages of workers were subsidized to help workers whose ages had been cut back because of the pandemic. The European Commonplace helped support people with low income. The Trades Commission wanted to supplement the salary of the workers and re-employ those workers who have been displaced by the pandemic. The unemployed can visit the British employment site for job information.

Young Adult Unemployment in Britain

There were seven ways that young people’s employment was effected by the employment. It was tougher for young employees who have just entered the workforce after college of have entry level positions because they were the first to be let go of their jobs. Furloughed workers under the age of 25, made up 33 percent of workers applying for worker’s compensation. Young workers working in the northern part of England was effected the most of all the young employees in England. Blackpool, and Liverpool are located in northern England and has not been among the wealthiest areas in England. The online job vacancies available to the young workers fell by about 60 percent. It is harder for people 25 and younger to find jobs than ever before. Jobs for college graduates advertised 84 percent less than before. There are 70 percent less jobs in the construction and administration fields. There are no apprenticeships being offered. Young people can expect to be paid less money for three years than the jobs were worth before the pandemic.

Home Workers Employment

The pandemic has changed the business landscape. Many workers are working from home instead of traveling to an office outside from home. Some businesses allowed their employees to work from home, utilizing email to send their documents. Business meeting take place using computer cameras and apps like FaceTime, Skype, and Zoom. Jobs that have always been online have increased their workforce since the pandemic. Many home jobs do not come with the benefits traditional jobs do. Many teachers from first grade through graduate school levels are being taught through social media apps provided by the traditional school they attended before the pandemic. The Labour Organization is working on making homeworkers safer and get health risks reduced. Homeowners are paid 13 percent less than traditional workers get. This lower pay It doesn’t matter if a highly skilled homeworking position. Highly skilled homeworkers made less in their job than their traditional worker in their job positions.

Spain’s Relationship With Europe

Spain’s Seat in European Union

In 1985, Spain officially signed the Accession Treaty to the European Communities. In 1986, Spain and Portugal acquired seats in the European Union. Becoming a member of the European Communities, meant progress to the Spanish people. The union with the European government meant economic, political, and social development. It was the end of living with Francisco Franco’s dictatorship after his death in 1975. The country Spain spent a decade working on trying to create a democratic type of government before joining the EU in 1986. Spain was given 60 government seats. Spain’s union with the European Union has allowed Spain’s colleges and universities to join forces with European and colleges. Political representatives from Spain meet regularly as the European Parliament from Spain. The European Parliament from Spain is working to adopt the European Union laws. Elites and average citizens alike were in support for EC. For 25 years, Spain has been very pro Europe.

What Spanish Citizens Think of the European Union Deal Today

In 25 years, many citizens of Spain have lost their interest for the European Union seats. Many citizens think Spain has gone from seeking a democracy to becoming a bureaucracy. Other words for the European Union Deal that come to mind are distinct the citizens from the government, and comparing Europe to Germany under Angela Merkel. Merkel was held responsible for using harsh methods to deal with Germany’s economic crisis. There was a recent economic crisis that has caused Spaniards to feel more and more negative towards the European project. The recent financial crisis has caused high unemployment. In 2014, over 50 percent of Spaniards who were interviewed believe they do not know what rights they have as EU citizens. According to the interview, 70 percent of European citizens want to know more about their rights. There are other Spaniards who see only positive in the European project. Those Spaniards see a bright future for the coming next 25 years filled with lots of opportunity, a wonderful alternative from dictatorships.

Spain and the European Union During Brexit

Could SPEXIT or ESPEXIT, be the next to exit the European Union? The Spain Coastal Brits were living the good life for the past two decades and a half. There are political pundits who believe Spain will follow Britain out of the European Union within 15 years. A Spanish leader, Luis Carlos Nogues is using the Brexit event as a starting point to discuss Spain’s recent relationship with the European Union. Nogues would like to create a referendum in Spain similar to the referendum France had. In economic, social, and political growth, Spain is behind Italy and France. People from France and Italy are more aware of the Brussels Bloc’s tyranny than Spain was. Some say Spain is stuck back in 1936 in their political an economic ways. Spaniards believe that discussing whether to go leave the European Union is definitely out for now. Spain is divided on leaving the European Union by right and left wing political movement. Spain is not as aware of the global market as their European counterparts are. Spain presently living in a condition much like a civil war. Spain is struggling with their communist identity and will eventually catch up to their European counterparts. Spain seems to be stuck in the 20th century. The SOMOS leader España Nogues is having hard time with Spain organizing a referendum because the country does not see SOMOS as an ally. Charles-Henri Gallois is in the process of planning a referendum about France discussing possibly exiting form the European Union. If Spain would leave the European Union, the country might be able to contribute more to the global economy than they have been. Right now, the European Commonplace is helping to fund Spain.

How the European Union is Effected by the Brexit

What is the Brexit and What Caused it?

Brexit means the United Kingdom is departing politically and economically from Europe. Britain was tired of the weak conservative administrations The older pro-Brexit voters were working-class residents who made their home on the English countryside. The older citizens feared free movement of refugees and immigrants. The older citizens believed that the poorer citizens from surrounding countries and taking jobs and benefits away from the British. Britain was a part of the European Union and European Atomic Energy ever since January 1, 1973. On January 31, 2020, Britain became the first country to leave. The British hope that they can recover financially by severing ties with Europe and going out on their own. On the positive side, Brexit will prevent overcrowding in Britain. British worker in other countries will be able bring back their talent to the United Kingdom. Brexit means Britain Exit. The vote took place in 2016 where 98 percent of the British citizens voted for Brexit and 2 percent did not.

The Effect Brexit Had on The European Economy

In 2016, Britain’s decision to exit the European continent had a negative effect on the European economy and social aspects. Britain will no longer be a part of the freedom policies, European politics, goods, services, and more. The British departure from Europe can weaken the forces in the integration. The exports from the United States will cause the goods to be be more expensive than before. As a result of expensive American goods, will bring down the export sales and thus loses the profit from the U.S. Globally, food traders say that if Brexit continues, it could cause a shortage of supplies. The travel insurance EHIC card will only be good until the expiration date arrives. Britain voted to leave the United Kingdom back in 2016 -they thought being part of Europe was a failed experiment. Many researchers find that it is hard to prove or disprove this theory. A large majority of Britain went along with the vote.

Brexit’s Effect on Travel

The price of travels between Britain, Europe, and North America could sit rocket. It can cause fewer people to plan to travel to Britain. People traveling from the United States traveling from Britain to other European countries will experience delays, flight cancelations, and very expensive plane fares. The European passports will be valid for the for time being, but European travelers should not expect any perks. Brexit passports are still good as long they are less than 10 years old. Visa-free travel ceases to exist between the United Kingdom and the other European countries as of the 2020’s. People can still use the Interrail service with no problem because Brexit will not interfere. People who are not European citizens will not be able to use Interrail. So, people from continents other than Europe will have use other forms of train travel. American companies looking to do business with Britain will experience a lot of problems that could effect the British business relations with the United States.

How do people Work and Live with Brexit?

If a person living outside the UK was working in the UK before January 2021, he may remain employee there. People who live and work in the UK but are not citizens, are required to fill out a EU Settlement Scheme form before June 30,2021. January 1, 2021 marked the end of the free-trade between people and goods that takes place between the United Kingdom and the European Union. In February 2021, Duty-free shopping returned. Brits can bring back alcohol and tobacco products from other European markets. Alcohol and tobacco product prices will increase. If a person lives in the UK and own a mobile phone, the roaming charge guarantee will be ending. People who moved to Britain after January 1, 2021 can visit the EU Settlement website to learn the new rules and fill out the application form. Those family members who are not of British or Irish nationality are urged to visit EU Settlement website , too.

France and the EU

France and the EU have a weird relationship and they need one another and yet without the EU France feels it could do better. This is a lot like a bad relationship where one person thinks they will be better without the other one. The truth of the matter is that France needs the EU as much as the EU needs France. France is the largest country in the EU and that is why the EU is in need for them to be a part of it. If France was to leave, then the EU would suffer greatly. France has been a member of the EU since 1958 and in that times the country and the EU has thrived. With mountains in the East and South, France is a booming tourist destination including the capital of Paris; that is where a number of people go for their honeymoon.

Understanding the France EU Relationship

In a lot of ways though while France seems to be able to stand on its own, it does need the many resources that France gets from the EU. With all of the case being made as to why France needs to remain in the EU, the signs are on the wall that the people of France are ready to make a bold exit from the EU when they voted for 43 % in favor for a candidate that did not tote the party line of the EU. With this one statement, it was obvious that the people of France were ready for a change. This signaled Le Pen is looking to make a number of changes that would without a doubt push France away from the values that the EU has held for such a long time and would in the end sort of lead to them not being on the best of terms with other countries such as Germany. The EU needs France way more than France needs the EU. The main reason for this is with Brexit happening as well as France talking about leaving, this leads to the strong military that the EU has been accustomed to. France seems to want to flaunt the fact that they are better than those countries in the EU and that is evident with the remarks that Le Pen has been making as of late.

Frexit or Bust

Things between the EU and France have not always been on bad terms, there was a time when the two actually shared a good relationship. That has taken a radical turn since the days of Le Pen making her statements about France and the relationship of the EU. While the current French President has not been as strong in support in a Frexit option, he has said that the EU needs to reform or they could very well see the end of France being a part of their union. This has been gaining momentum in the fact that France has seen a large amount of anti-EU sentiment in the fact that only second to Greece they have the largest number of Residents that are looking to leave the EU without a moment’s notice.

It is no secret that with Brexit happening if Frexit was to occur, it would be a mortal blow to the EU and one that could very well cripple the EU entirely. The EU holds so much in regard to France that is has been said if France coughs the EU winds up with the flu. What the future holds for France and the EU is still very hazy and could rest on how the two get along. With President Macron, there is at least hope that the France, EU relationship can survive a little longer. Anything is possible and if the EU does reform, then this would be a very good sign that the two will have a chance at rebuilding their future. One thing that will harm the relationship with the EU and France is the fact that President Macron is very much a President that listens to what the people of his country want. This in that case could be the death certificate to the EU and France.

Outlook for France and the EU

No matter what happens with the France and EU relationship, the one thing that is able to be said is that the people of France are a strong people and will be able to make it. France has seen a number of things that should have broken them as a country and has as a result overcome those odds. The EU will need to do whatever is needed to make sure that the people of France are happy and that the EU does not have to try and survive a loss of a country that has brought so much to the EU. France and Germany are the two countries that are holding the EU together and if either one of the4se falls out of the EU, then it will put more pressure on the other. If both happen to leave the EU, then you are looking at a situation where the EU will collapse all in on itself.

Germany and the EU

While the French EU relationship has been somewhat bumpy, the truth of the matter is that Germany has a much more strong and resilient relationship with the EU. Both sides benefit greatly from the contributions that the other makes. Germany has had its share of ups and downs and in that time, the EU has been there to help them and give their support when it was needed. Germany has a stronger presence in the EU than its French counterpart. It also has gone a lot farther in helping to contribute to the financial success of the EU as opposed to many other countries that are not as concerned if the EU succeeds or fails. With the capital of Germany being in Berlin and a population of over 82 million Germany is a country that has the potential to help the EU be able to survive if France was to ever leave the EU. The biggest issue that needs to be addressed is the fact that the German people are not exactly that huge on the whole military thing.

More Facts about Germany

Germany is a powerhouse in the fact that they hold 96 seats on the European Parliament. This gives them a good amount of power in helping to shape some of the legislation that will drive the whole European Union. Germany triers to not make too much of this and they like to take a more passive role and let the rest of the EU try and get things done and save their power for more of a deciding role as opposed to be a ruling element. This has helped the country to not come across with such a strong appearance of being dominant and other countries looking at them like that of a bully role.

Germany’s Influence in the EU

Another reason why Germany has such a powerful influence in the EU is that a number of countries that are part of the EU are bordered to Germany and they tend to go with the direction that Germany goes. This is why Germany yields so much more power in terms of political than France. That and the money are two reasons why the EU has enjoyed such a prosperous amount of success over the last several years. France is one of the country’s biggest exporters and importers and that is why the relationship between them is so important.

There is an aspect that needs to be examined in the relation to other countries and their matters. One of these is the issues that some countries including that of the United States have with Russia. Germany is dependent on the natural gas that comes from Russia and with the load of sanctions that the United States leveled at Russia it is apparent that there are some concerns that the German people have with the United States and these sanctions. Chancellor Merkel has expressed her concerns over these sanctions while still trying to maintain a somewhat neutral tone on the whole Russia thing.

With the country of Germany being unified, the country on the whole is looking to pursue its own interests. The country is looking to make a new statement in the fact that they will at times be in opposition to the regulations that Washington imposes on the rest of the world including allies that the country of Germany really depend on.

While the people of Germany do not provide that much in the way of military, they do have a lot to offer in the way of financial support to the EU. France does as well but they also offer the military aspect as well. The relationship between France and the people of Germany is strained at the best and that makes the situation with France and the EU that much more difficult. Ever since the late 1950’s, the people of Germany have enjoyed a great amount of results from a mutual relationship that helps to make the two better. There are a lot of people that look at the situation with the EU and see Germany as the financial savior that the EU needs so much. It makes sense as they are the strongest and most financially responsible member of the EU.

Can the EU Survive without Germany?

One thing is apparent and that is the fact that without Germany, the financial standing of the EU will be greatly damaged. This is obvious for any person that is a fan of history and loves to see how government works. A lot of the states and countries that are part of the EU think that they are the sole thing that is holding the EU up the truth of the matter is that Germany is one of the main reasons that the EU is still experiencing a growth in regards to the financial aspect. Regardless of what many people feel about the EU and Germany relationship, the fact is that without Germany and their money, the EU will have a hard time actually keeping itself together. France could leave and while it would hurt greatly, the truth is that the EU financially could still survive.

Germany will still be strong and able to carry themselves and the EU on their back for a good long while. As long as too many other countries do not decide to jump ship and leave, the EU will thrive and Germany will be able to keep the EU going. Frances next move will lead to a serious reevaluation of the relationship that them and Germany have with one another and in that, there will be a lot of people that wonder can France be the catalyst that leads to the ruin of the EU or does Germany really have what it takes to keep the EU together and free from falling apart? Only time will tell how this will all play out and as to the importance that Germany will or won’t play in the course of the EU restructuring.

EU Migration Politicizes

If you are looking to move to a European country, then there are a certain number of things that you will need to make sure that you do in order to make your process a little easier than what it might otherwise be. Knowing before you begin will be vital in helping the process to go smoother. The first thing that you need to know is whatever country you are looking to join, you will have to file your paperwork with the authorities there. Despite what many people might think, there is no one agency that is solely for the purpose of immigration. This is a common misconception that often is not accurate. Another thing that you need to know off the top is that each country will have different regulations that are in place for a person to migrate there. It is best that you contact each country and see what their regulations are before you get too far into the process.

Basics to Migration: EU’s Rules for Migration

Since the late 1990’s there has been a set of rules that have been in place for the purpose of making sure that there is one basic set of rules for people that are looking to migrate into European countries. These rules are designed to make sure that those that are coming into their country are doing so for good reasons, such as school or work. These rules are just the basic ones and other rules will generally be in place for those that are looking to enter specific countries. This includes rules and laws that help to limit the number of people that are coming into a country at a time as to help and keep the country from being overrun by new immigrants. These rules have been in place and have been amended over the last several years to make things tougher and easier to migrate depending on the particular situation in a certain country.

Having these rules also helps to protect the citizens of these countries as well as those that are coming into the countries. The EU has a very strict policy on a number of activities that it considers to be illegal and these rules are designed to help and limit the amount of illegal activity that will occur within these countries. As the political climate has changed over the last few months and years, these regulations have been tightened; even more to limit the type of people that are coming into these countries. The screening policy has been tougher and that has as a result meant that applications have been taking longer to get processed. This is a natural thing that comes from a lot of these countries changing their rules and should be expected. It is advised that if you are wanting to be in a country or needing to be in a country by a certain date, that you take the time needed and apply well in advance as to help and account for your application taking longer to process.

Without rules, there is no order and without order there is chaos.

This is a natural law that applies to countries that do not limit and screen the people that are coming into their country. The EU has done its part in helping to make sure that the rules in place ensure that these countries have a basic layer of protection in place. With a number of agencies all working together, the best part is that the countries will have a higher level of security than they might have otherwise had without these agencies in place.

Immigrating into these countries will be something that a new citizen will want to make sure that they are well researched on and ensure that they know all there is to know before they begin the process. This is one of the biggest areas that people have an issue with is the fact that they start the process and then discover that there is an issue that they had not been made aware of. This can then in turn lead to a lot of issues that there will need to be something done about.

Religion – Research, Programs & Positions

There are a large number of programs that focus on the topic of religion. This is one of the top topics that many people in and around the region will find of greatest interest. Even those that are visiting will find that the diversity of religions will allow for a very welcoming environment. It is a known fact that the majority of those in Europe are in some form or another Catholic. With that being said the other religions still have a very strong presence in these countries. This is shown as part of the overall religious diversity that is all across Europe.

Importance of Religion

Even religions such as that of Buddhism have a place in the EU as there are a number of centers and programs that are welcoming to those that are new to their particular faith. If you are new to a particular religion, then odds are that you will find a center or a program that will be designed to help you find the right information that you are seeking out without all of the junk that tends to be tossed into all of the other useful information. This is one reason why so many people will flock to the area of the world as it appears to be a very welcoming. To those of all types of religions, this allows for a very open environment for them to practice without the fear of being persecuted. Religion has always been a huge part of this region so it makes sense that there would be a large presence of all types of religions to give a person something to choose from.

Church and State are Not Separated

Unlike in a lot of countries, there is no separation of church and state as well as no ties to any one particular religion. This also includes no actual ties to religion in any type of treaties that they have with other countries. While this has allowed for a lot more freedom in the way of religion, there are still some dark areas when it comes to the topic of Judaism and religion. While it is getting better, there are still certain sections where this is a touchy subject and one that really needs to not be talked about very much if at all possible. This is just a part of the history that should be included when you are talking about the EU region and religion.

If you travel Europe, you will see that there are a lot of areas that have a devotion to the religions of that particular region. In the areas that are very much Catholic, many of the cathedrals and churches still stand and the original artwork is able to be seen in these spiritually historic places. It is a sight to see and one that is just part of the history that is rich and makes Europe a melting pot for the religion world.

While things are all great and accepting these days, that was not always the case and in fact there was quite a bit of drama back in the early days when talking about religion and Europe. There were some serious dark times and while many would prefer that this not be discussed, it is something that really can’t be ignored. It is hard to think that there was a time when a person was sought out and persecuted all because of the religion that they practiced. This was something that happened and it costs a lot of people their lives and damaged a number of families as they were afraid to let their religion be known for fear that the same fate would await them.

Overall Europe has been very open to people of different religions and that is not something that will more than likely end anytime soon.

The main thing that needs to be addressed is the fact that with all of the classes and programs that are offered no matter where you see yourself in the religious world, chances are that you will find a home that you will be comfortable. It is advised that you do look at the types of religions that are located all around Europe and make sure that there is a religion that you can be comfortable with and that you won’t be causing a culture clash in regards to what you feel about a particular religion or how other may feel.

UK’s Road to Leaving the EU

It is one of the more storied relationships in the way of countries. The UK and EU is a relationship that has seen a number of ups and downs. All of that came to a halt in 2016, when a good portion of the UK voted to leave the EU. It was a move that both shocked and yet did not shock. Depending on where you stood in relation to the issue, you were either amazed or saw it coming. The question has to be asked, why do people in the UK have such a strained relationship for those in the EU? Most of the people that go to Europe love all that; there is to offer in the area. Between the food and the sights, many in the UK have gone on to move to European countries. To fully understand the elements at play that got us to this point, you need to understand the history between the UK and the EU.

The UK’s Efforts Begin

In 1961, Britain applied twice to join the EU. This was both times shot down by French President Charles De Gaulle who said the country had motives for wanting to join the EU or EEC as it was known back then. The feeling was that they were more interested in interests over in the United States than they were over in Europe. Finally, in 1973 with all of the pieces in place, it was time for them to finally become a member. A vote of 67% should have put an end to the debate, but instead, there was not the economic boom as had been promised, instead it was still a slow trickle that seemed to flow in both directions and things seemed to only be getting worse for the UK. They were looking at inflation that was in double digits and as a result a lot of people wondered if letting the UK in was as good of an idea as they had thought it was. To say that the 1970’s were not a good time for the UK was an understatement and that as a result led to a lot of people wanting to get rid of the UK, but the process to kick out was a lot harder than opening the door to let them in.

The “Iron Lady” Rallies to Gain Support for the EU

The 1980’s were hoped to be a little more settled and it seemed as though things might begin the process of getting that way, until the divide between Britain and Brussels began to get wider and wider. Margret Thatcher was doing her best to seal up the wounds, but the injuries to the relationship seemed to be taking their toll and the relationship seemed to be getting more and more strained. Not only did other countries think that letting the UK in was a bad idea, member countries of the UK began to question if they were backing the right movement. Chaos seemed to be reigning and there was no apparent end to all of the confusion. It could be said that Margret Thatcher gave her political career in order to save the UK from leaving the EU. Her downfall was tied very heavy to the efforts that she placed in trying to save her one cause that she believed so strongly in.

The Relationship gets better

The late 90’s saw a new era in relations between the UK and the EU. Tony Blair went a long way to try and patch things up between the two sides. This as a result made things look like the relationship was turning a corner and all the ugliness that had happened in the years past was finally over with. This was a false sense of hope as eventually things would break down and lead to a relationship that was in some regards more strained than it had been prior to the Tony Blair era. This was the first real sign that the two sides simply could not work together. David Cameron was the first British PM to block a treaty that came from Europe and that act alone set him apart from a lot of the other leaders in the EU as they looked at him and wondered if the sentiment that De Galle had expressed all those years back was really the truth. This also meant that the icy reception that the UK got already was about to get a lot colder.

The UK Leaves the EU

Finally, in 2016 what has started in 1961 and was approved in the mid 70’s was undone when the people of the UK went to the poles and voted for them to leave the EU. This finally was the sign that the UK was tired of the EU and that they wanted to take their countries in a new direction. If this was a good thing or a bad thing has yet to be seen and who knows, the UK may one day, find themselves knocking at the door of the EU once again; until that time, it is safe to say that the UK is good with the way things stand between them and the EU.

It is obvious that anyone that has studied any history of the UK, that they are not in need as much as the EU is in need of them. The UK and its member have taken the first steps needed to show that they are able to stand without support and that the EU will not hold them down under their treaties and rules. Many people will say that if you had left it up to the people to begin with, that they would have never even voted in 61 to join the EU.

Against Europe

The anti-Europe sentiment was apparent in the fact that the vote was not even as close as many experts had said that it was expected to be. Time will be the ultimate measure as to if this was the right decision but if you ask some in the UK, they will tell you that this was a move that was long overdue and one that will lead the UK in a better brighter future.

As was stated in the beginning, this was one of the rockier relationships that the world has seen in quite some time and one that will have an impact on the rest of the world. Just like with people when two countries break up, there is always those that get in the middle and are involved. France and Germany are a classic example of this as they are seemingly experiencing their own issues with the topic of Frexit being talked about as of late. This could be the beginning of a lot of countries deciding that if the UK can do it, then they can leave as well and be just as happy without the EU as they are with it.

European Union Research funding

When it comes to research funding carried out by the European Union, it’s done in a variety of ways. Mainly operated through the use of grants. Not just anyone gets these grants though; you have to go through the applying process. There are different kinds of grants depending on the research. In this article we’ll be reviewing each of the grants along with the different search topics and key elements of the researches.

Seeking or waiting for a project partner

The very first thing a person should know is that any research organization, company can step up to be considered a partner. Keep in mind that the research organization or company has to be financially accountable and have the knowledge and skill to carry out the particular tasks required for the project proposal that have to be completed with expertise. If you want to find a partner faster and you’re rather new then try out the partner search services that is at your disposal. The partner search services links you up with other organizations, who are interested in finding a partner for them to collaborate with in proposals. The organization or company could also publish proposals they may have and wait for a partner jumping at collaborations to contact. This leads into the programs which we’ll discuss further in the article since depending on the particular programs, national contact points can be useful too.

Process of the application to gain research fund

The process for gaining a research fund is usually carried out in one to two stages. For the first regular state, it’s very simple. Just send in an application. If it’s the second stage make a summary proposal. Make sure it’s catchy and it’s attractive so that it can be short-listed. Once it’s short-listed, an invitation will be sent out granting you the ability to submit the full application in the second phase where you’ll be a step closer to funding. Now as a reminder, remember once you have a specific call in mind, check the guidelines and meet the requirements well. Keep in mind to register your company or organization with the commission, that’s very important too.

Process of careful selection

When the selection process rolls in, things get tricky. It gets tricky because of the evaluation, since if something is off your proposal may be rejected fast. Be prepared for the fact that there may be different evaluation procedures depending on the funding he/she may have. Depending on the budget, all of the proposals can be selected or only a few may be selected. If it isn’t available right away, don’t stress it. Proposals that didn’t receive funding may receive it later on if more funds are available.

Grant agreement and management guide

Making proposals really isn’t that difficult once you get the hang of it and neither is managing the direction your project goes. When the agreement is signed, you’ll have to manage your project well and make sure it meets up to the standards set. This is done easily since guidance is provided so you aren’t walking into a dark cave with no lighting. The guidance is the light and as the name implies, it will guide you through the entire process smoothly. It’s all there; all he/she has to do is stick to the guides. Depending on the project you may be asked to add in deliverables. Deliverables consist of things like special report, list, info, software milestone and other deliverables that may be suggested in accordance to the grant agreement. If there are any potential changes to the terms and conditions of the grant agreement, you’ll be notified and the grant agreement will be amended. That isn’t anything serious though since the commission will be rounded to keep track and make sure everything runs smoothly through the process. It’s like an older brother giving his younger brother constructive advice as the little brother learns over time. Another useful tip, over the duration of the project make sure to keep the records and documents that will prove you’ve done the project exactly as it was stated. The costs should be recorded too, it’s good to be cautious and all of that falls into managing your project which isn’t too difficult.

Kinds of funds

Next an individual should be aware of the kind of funding he/she can go for. There are prizes, grants, subsidies, loans and other ways of gaining the funding for the project you have in mind. If you partake in a competition Horizon2020 makes, you can receive a prize that can be applied to your special project. Obviously there will be competition as there is all over the world. So, if you aren’t up to too much competition, then go for a grant or subsidy. Subsidies are handled by the European Union national governments directly. There are different ones like agricultural cash subsidies that are given to farmers. If you know you’ll be gaining a lot of money through the project then consider taking a loan that you’ll be able to pay off later on. Make the right moves and you’ll gain much more than you put out and you’ll also be helping many living organisms one way or another with the project you complete. An individual will have to go through those options and choose the one that best benefits him/her.

Different programs example

Now, we’ll go over the many ways of getting funding. The majority of the European funding is handed out by the European Union itself. Comparing this to the European commission and it’s a considerable difference. The European commission’s awards grants straightforward. European Union programs help better the world with the assistance of the European Commission that is assisting in keeping organizations and planned projects the EU programs have. Among programs there are the HORIZON 2020, COSME, ESF, JUSTICE PROGRAMME and various others. All of those programs have found project partners in the past and are very professional. When applying a program, it will be challenged by other programs to win a particular funding from the specific call – so projects have to be top notch.

Agreement of the grant

Once your proposal is accepted, you’re invited to sign a grant agreement. Just like when someone is going to sign to lease a car or a house or when someone goes for a payday loan. Before getting the grant you have to accept some terms and conditions in the agreement. In the agreement you’ll provide accurate legal information. You’ll have to be ready to shift your proposal around if the evaluation report says to do it. Making minor changes isn’t too difficult. After the agreement is settled, the exciting part comes in. When receiving the money, it’ll be sent out in various installments however long the project is. The pre-financing payments come in, then a few interim payments and then after completing the project, the final payment is sent.

European commission power over funds

Managing your funds will be very important. The majority of EU funding is operated below various programs that are managed together by the European commission as well as other national authorities through the European Union countries. Recap, the European commission controls the budgets that the projects have. This means that it rules over the project’s headquarters, European Union agencies, departments etc. Anything that requires transferring funds somewhere or awarding the grants goes by the European commission first. Just like direct management there is indirect management where national authorities work in the shadows.

Funding topics

The European Union funds and supports the best researchers around the world on a wide variety of topics. These topics range from frontier research, energy research, agriculture, how to improve the environment, adding better policies and how policies may affect certain humans, science in society and so many other topics where the funds are being put to use well. Anyone can get down to making proposals as long as they have the right team and creative innovative minds. All research can benefit all humans worldwide. What other country does that? It’s honestly very impressive.

Conclusion

With all of that in mind, the final thing that will be recapped is who exactly is eligible for research funding. You’d be surprised at the answer. Firstly young people can apply from ages 13 to 31. There are particular programs that are particularly for young people to study abroad and gain a lot of experience of the world around them. Information on that can be found through funding calls so dig around after this. Small businesses can take the plunge and go for a fund too. Farmers receive direct payments and if they’re interested in more funds then they’ll have to provide certain information on plant and animals conditions on the farm, make sure that the environment isn’t hazardous in anyway. There are others but mainly researchers are the individuals who are held to a high regard simply because of the fact that research is very important to the European Union. Which are you? Do you fall into one of those? If so, get started and seek a research fund. Remember you’re entitled to access on important information. So look up the financial transparency system for beneficiaries’ info.